Fault Lines on the Map:

8 of the World's Most Disputed Borders

27th February, 2024


● Borders define nations but can also be the source of deep conflict and tension. ● These eight regions highlight ongoing territorial disputes and the complex issues surrounding them.

8 Hotly Disputed Borders of the World

Kashmir (India, Pakistan, and China)

● A decades-long dispute over this mountainous region has led to wars and ongoing tensions. ● India, Pakistan, and China all claim portions of Kashmir, making it a complex geopolitical flashpoint.

Western Sahara (Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic)

● Morocco claims sovereignty over this former Spanish colony. ● The indigenous Sahrawi people seek independence, leading to a protracted conflict.

Korean Peninsula (North Korea and South Korea)

● The division between North and South Korea along the 38th parallel dates back to the Korean War. ● Reunification remains a distant goal, with a heavily militarized border separating the two nations.


● One of the world's longest-running conflicts centers on contested land and statehood. ● Decades of negotiations and violence have failed to resolve disputes over borders, Jerusalem, and the right of return for Palestinian refugees.

Senkaku (Diaoyu) Islands (Japan and China)

● Both Japan and China claim this uninhabited archipelago in the East China Sea. ● Disputes over fishing rights and potential undersea resources have fueled tensions.

● Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014 is widely unrecognized by the international community. ● Ukraine maintains its claim to the peninsula, leading to ongoing conflict and instability in the region.

Crimea (Ukraine and Russia)

● A complex web of territorial claims in the South China Sea involves China, Vietnam, the Philippines, and others. ● Disputes over islands, reefs, fishing rights, and potential energy resources have increased tensions.

South China Sea (Multiple Claimants)